|"All great truths begin as blasphemies." -- George Bernard Shaw
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In fact, that is how the original Greek performance were arranged; the comedy would come as an intermission between tyragic stories. We can't cry all time, man!
Okay, in their ancient times the tragedy and comedy have different heroes and different plots! You know, the kings -- tragedy, the village idiots -- comedy. What about us? Well, the mechanism is the same; when you are in position of king, you are tragic. What "position"? When you have no answers for your questions, because nobody does.... Like, why people die?
The comedy element in our lives is obvious; we are stupid, we know it!
Now, how do we go from one mode to another? Read Chekhov first and come back.
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Drama is firmly associated with Realism. But why?"Drama -- a literary composition, usually in dialogue form, that centers on the actions of fictional characters." (Modern Drama)
Go to any video store and find the "Drama" shelf... What do you see? Did you miss something? How about "Horror" and "Science Fiction"? They are in dialogue form and very much center around very fictional characters. The same with the comedy. Well, comedy is dramatic... What isn't?
What we really mean is drama is about CHARACTERS!
Remember the old man (Aristotle)? Plot, Character, Idea. Well, in drama both plot and idea are expressed through characters.
The key is the identification: I = hero.
Here is the complexity and power of drama.
[Phenomena of Identification is in Method Acting directory.]
Drama as Genre* Drama is a term generally used to refer to a literary form involving parts written for actors to perform. * Drama is a Greek word meaning `action', drawn from the Greek verb dran, `to do'. [ wikipedia ]I promised this page long ago and promised it because there is enormous confusion in understanding of genre. It's bad enough when you are in theatre history classes and disastrous when you are directing or acting without knowing the rules and laws of genre.
Practice, not theory! It was easy for Aristotle, lucky guy, he knew only tragedy and comedy! No drama?
Well, we don't have tragedies... No, we don't see them!
Genre? Literally, kind or type. Simple.theatre theory
Not at all.
[ Masks you see on Theatre pages are by a Russian artist, turn of the century, Zybacheff [52K] "Mask of Anger" from Lycos PicturesNOW! (Images are moved: Links) ]
What is Genre?When we had two "modes" of perception (tragic and comic), the issue of defining "genre" wasn't that important. Fear and release from it could explain two different attitudes. Go for Tragedy and Comedy pages.AmazonBooks Award Winners
Aristotle tried to define it in several ways. Composition: comedy starts in trouble, ends with a happy end.
Hero. Comedy hero is below average (tragedy is always opposite).
But what about DRAMA?
Style or Method?Could be both.
Style is ARTISTIC ORGANIZATION OF MATERIAL.
Method and Style are connected... as much as author and his creation. We need to get to postmodern theories in order to understand the problematics of method. For now stick with periods and styles (there are two webpages of illustrations -- T-History and Theatre 215).
Something between tragedy and comedy?
Drama is a Genre
...well, yes and no.
Drama is something else. The third form. The Greeks didn't know drama for a reason. Without Shakespeare we wouldn't have it. In order for drama to exist we need INDIVIDUAL (Aristotle said -- hero).
No, friends, the greatest minds of antiquity weren't interested so much in this issue. I am in agreement with Mr. Bloom: Shakespeare invented me, the modern man. Not only he did, of course, but without this new concept (and feelings) drama wouldn't be possible.
Without our departure from gods and heroes, we can't write dramas.
Or elevating ourselves to the level of gods and heroes...
Do Aristitelean principles apply to drama?Yes, very much so!
But we have to redefine Plot (Story), Character (Hero) and Thought (Idea).
Alright, the painting (Lidia) is not true "realism" (with a touch of impressionism, images are lost). But how abot "realism" in music? Any ideas?
The credits (artist's name, date and etc.) -- for later. [images are gone]
PSDrama Page @ THR Theory
I wish you take 200X Core Aesthetics first....
Dramatic v. Epic (Brecht)
At the end the overall message (Idea) of drama is different from tragedy or comedy (the law of genre). "The Open End" principle (no moralization), you, spectators, who become mortals again after leaving theatre, must think about it...
Mass culture dramatic principles ("the happy end" requirement, even if this is not drama -- American movies).
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Next: drama-theory theoryMono studies: O'Neill, The Web
ROSE: D'yuh suppose they'd keep me any place if they knew what I was? And d'yuh suppose he wouldn't tell them or have someone else tell them? Yuh don't know the game I'm up against. [Bitterly.] I've tried that job thing. I've looked fur decent work and I've starved at it. A year after I first hit this town I quit and tried to be on the level. I got a job at housework -- workin' twelve hours a day for twenty-five dollars a month. And I worked like a dog, too, and never left the house I was so scared of seein' someone who knew me. But what was the use? One night they have a guy to dinner who's seen me some place when I was on the town. He tells the lady -- his duty he said it was -- and she fires me right off the reel. I tried the same thing a lot of times. But there was always someone who'd drag me back. And then I quit tryin'. There didn't seem to be no use. They -- all the good people -- they got me where I am and they're goin' to keep me there. Reform? Take it from me it can't be done. They won't let yuh do it, and that's Gawd's truth.
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